I’m a Christian but I don’t believe in the Rapture of any kind. I’m curious as to why other Christian denominations believe this and what Bible verses are they basing this belief on?
The idea of the Secret Rapture arose as a result of the teachings of J.N. Darby, who became a member of the Brethren movement, which had its origins in Dublin in 1825.This movement was established by a group of earnest men who were dissatisfied with the spiritual condition of the Protestant church in Ireland at that time. Darby entered the church in 1827. It was he who originated the idea of Secret Rapture, based on the words of Jesus in Matthew 24:40, 41. Among the groups formed in Ireland and England, the group in Plymouth became prominent, and it was from them that the name Plymouth Brethren arose.
Though originating with the Brethren, this belief is not limited to them. Others, such as the Baptists, also hold to this view. Recent interest in the doctrine has been stirred up by the publication of certain end time novels in the USA, and a film based on one of them, entitled, if I remember correctly, Left Behind, in which airline pilots are raptured and planes crash to the ground pilotless; bus drivers disappear with similar disastrous results, etc. etc.
This erroneous teaching is based on the text mentioned above, Speaking of the Second Advent, Jesus said, “Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left.” Matthew 24:40,41.* This verse was linked with 1 Thess. 4:16.17, though the connection was wrongly interpreted.
According to the pre-millennialists (Brethren, Baptists, etc.,) it was believed that the righteous would be ‘raptured’ before the ‘time of trouble’ (the seven last plagues), and the rest of the population would remain. When Christ appeared at the Second Advent, the millennium would commence, and during that time those left behind would have a second chance to be converted.
This teaching does not hold up, however, when all the texts mentioning the events of the Second Coming are considered:
1Thessalonians 4:16, 17: The righteous dead will be raised. The living righteous will be taken up together with them.
2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 Jesus will appear at His second advent ‘in blazing fire’ and ‘those who do not know God . . .will be punished with everlasting destruction . . . on the day he comes to be glorified.’ Revelation 1:7 ‘Every eye shall see him.’ When Jesus comes. It is clear from these texts that the rapture of the righteous and the destruction of the wicked take place at the same time, and not one before the other. I hope this will give you the answer you need.